Friday, October 22, 2010

Endoscopic Management of Acute Bleeding from a Peptic Ulcer

Acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage, which is defined as bleeding proximal to the ligament of Treitz, is a prevalent and clinically significant condition with important implications for health care costs worldwide. Negative outcomes include rebleeding and death, and many of the deaths are associated with decompensation of coexisting medical conditions precipitated by the acute bleeding event. This video focuses specifically on endoscopic management of acute bleeding from a peptic ulcer.

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Depression: characters of major episode(mnemonic)

Depression: major episode characteristics

  • Sleep disruption
  • Psychomotor retardation
  • Appetite change
  • Concentration loss
  • Energy loss
  • Depressed mood
  • Interest wanes
  • Guilt
  • Suicidal tendencies

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Pathology of Chronic lymphocytic leukemia

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About Cognitive therapy

Cognitive therapy involves :

  • A) repetition of negative thoughts that eventually dissipate
  • B) changing a thought that involves a situation that leads to a change of mood, behavior, or reaction
  • C) repeated acts of fearful situations that allow adaptation
  • D) negative reinforcement of harmful activities
  • E) none of the above

The answer is  : (B).
Cognitive therapy is a psychological treatment method that helps patients correct false self-beliefs that contribute to certain moods and behaviors. The basic principle behind cognitive therapy is that a thought precedes a mood, and that both are interrelated with a person's environment, physical reaction, and subsequent behavior.
Therefore, changing a thought that arises in a given situation changes mood, behavior, and physical reaction. Although it is unclear who benefits most from cognitive therapy, motivated patients who have an internal center of control and the capacity for introspection likely would benefit most.

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Total Wrist Arthroplasty Surgery

Replacement of the wrist joint with an artificial wrist joint is often needed when a traumatic injuries or severe degenerative affecting the wrist (osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis) occur.


Laparoscopy Surgery Full Video For Gall Stones


Ultrasound use in trauma- the fast exam