Friday, December 24, 2010

Keloids of the Auricle

Keloid formation of the auricle's ear lobe is a rare complication of ear ring use...........

Labels: ,

Estrogen as an initial treatment for symptomatic labial adhesions

The initial treatment of choice for symptomatic labial adhesions is :
A) testosterone cream
B) estrogen cream
C) GnRH antagonist
D) hydrocortisone cream
E) surgical separation

Answer and Discussion

The answer is:   ( B ).
Labial adhesions are common in prepubertal females. The cause is thought related to low levels of circulating estrogen. Most women with small areas of labial adhesions are asymptomatic. However, interference with urination or accumulation of urine behind the adhesion can lead to discomfort and symptoms. Dysuria and recurrent vulvar and vaginal infections are associated symptoms. In rare situations urinary retention may occur. Asymptomatic labial fusion usually does not require treatment. Symptomatic adhesions may be treated with a short course of estrogen cream applied twice daily for 7 to 10 days; this may separate the labia.

A new alternative treatment is to use estrogen transdermal patches in close proximity to the labia. When medical treatment fails or if severe urinary symptoms exist, surgical separation of the labia is indicated. This can be done as an office procedure using 1% to 2% topical xylocaine gel. Because of inadequate levels of estrogen, recurrences of labial adhesion are common until puberty. Following puberty, the condition usually resolves spontaneously. Improved hygiene and removal of vulvar irritants may help prevent recurrences.

Labels: ,

Actinic Keratosis of Scalp

This photo shows An actinic keratosis of the scalp. These lesions are often difficult to see.
Description: They are rough, sandpaper-like plaques occurring on sun-exposed surfaces. They are pre-malignant, since a small percentage of them develop into squamous cell carcinoma. The lesion here is darker than the surrounding skin; the lighter area is from the camera flash.

Labels: ,

ABCD causes of BUN:creatinine elevation

BUN stands for blood urea nitrogen which measures the amount of urea nitrogen, a waste product of protein metabolism, in the blood. Urea is formed by the liver and carried by the blood to .........

Labels: , ,

Oxygen Transport


Cranial Nerve 9 Dysfunction Pic

Cranial Nerve 9 Dysfunction: Patient has suffered stroke, causing loss of function of left CN 9 (Glossopharyngeal nerve). As a result, uvula is pulled towards the normally functioning (ie right) side.

Labels: ,